From Korea to Australia including Japan, China, Southeast Asia, the Malaysian peninsula, and including Hawaii. Research indicates that waxes come off of the leaves and fruit and cause the sand to repel water which also aids in preventing seedlings of other species from emerging. November 02, 2004) Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) habitat ... (Photo courtesy of Forest & Kim Starr. Labels change frequently; refer to the current herbicide label for specific application information. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. 0000000016 00000 n Seeds float and can be carried in long shore currents and waves to other beaches. Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii. Beach vitex leaves are round, silvery gray-green, 1-2 inches long, and have a spicy fragrance. This hardy plant is commonly found on beachfronts and makes for an impressive garden plant. Larger plants may need to treated with a herbicide as described about or hand removed. Starr-010209-0295-Vitex rotundifolia-fruits-Kanaha Beach-Maui (24235631600).jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 1.08 MB. The flowers are purplish- reaching the ocean. By the mid- to late-1990s, Beach vitex was observed spreading from landscape plantings along the South Carolina coast, crowding out native dune species. Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. The thick clump of stems and leaves formed by beach vitex on the front dunes and upper beach may contribute to the nesting decrease of the federally threatened loggerhead sea turtle in South Carolina. Remember that property owners are required to obtain a permit from the Office of Coastal Resource Management before planting on the beach dunes. The leaves turn tan with white undersides in November and fall off in December. Beach vitex leaves are round, slilvery gray-green, 1-2 inches long, and have a spicy fragrance. 1). Sea rocket plants are small thick leaved herbs that do not grow in thick clumps. Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. Beach Vitex foliage (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder) Height: 4 feet. Sea rocket leaves are thick and not in pairs on an herbaceous stem. Information and translations of vitex in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Vitex supplements typically contain … Common names include "chaste tree" or "chastetree", traditionally referring to V. agnus-castus but often applied to other species as well.. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Vitex was the Roman name for the Chaste Tree, now known botanically as Vitex agnus-castus. Sections of the horizontal stems growing on the surface should be cut diagonally such that the cut surface is facing upward. Beach Vitex. 0000016629 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Appearance Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. Silver-leaf croton has oval-shaped leaves like beach vitex and may be thought to be a beach vitex seedling. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. We are also not sure whether the local beach mice will eat these seeds. Prefers sandy soils above high tide line, open sun, and does well in rocky areas. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): Beach vitex expands its woody rhizomes aggressively; it can actually grow over sidewalks and driveways. Beach Vitex joins an ever- growing list of exotic invasive species. Pohinahina also has the potential for native ecosystem restoration, re-vegetation of degraded habitats, and to increase diversity in riparian and other native communities. Beach Vitex foliage (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder) … This label will contain vital information including the amount of active ingredients per serving, and whether or not other ingredients have been added, such as fillers, binders, and flavorings. Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii. Noteworthy Characteristics. Beach vitex does become established in areas that are distant from an established planting. Vitex (Vitex agnus-castus) is a plant used in herbal medicine. FIRST RECORD OF VITEX ROTUNDIFOLIA (VERBENACEAE) IN VIRGINIA. The specific epithet rotundifolia is from the Latin rotundatus, rounded, and folius, leaves, in reference to the round-shaped leaves of this species. Has high tolerance for heat and salt spray. 0000005027 00000 n Clearly, seabeach amaranth will not become established nor co-occur with beach vitex. However, it was quickly realized that its root structure does not anchor the sand nearly as well as native vegetation such as sea oats. Mulch should be renewed each spring or whenever it begins to break down. This shade and perhaps some other growth characteristics, kills shorter beach plants and prevents seedlings of native species from becoming established. Beach vitex is woody, vine-like plant with almost round leaves (hence the specific name rotundifolia meaning round foliage) up to 1″ to 1.5″ in diameter, that are in pairs along the woody stem. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L. f.), a woody vine from Korea, was introduced into the United States as a dune stabilization plant in the mid-1980s. Beach vitex can tolerate droughty conditions of the sand dunes, can tolerate salt spray from the ocean and is not eaten by deer. Beach Vitex is a hardy groundcover with small clusters of tiny bluish-purple flowers throughout the year. ��-� 0000001881 00000 n If you pick a green leaf and crush it you will smell a spicy fragrance. Vitex rotundifolia. If beach vitex is growing on your property and you have decided that you wish to keep it, there are several things you need to consider. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Vitex rotundifolia is a sprawling shrub 6 to 8 feet in diameter and 6 inches to 2 feet tall, but reaching 4 feet in height and 12 feet in width when protected from wind and salt spray. Because of its status as a threatened species, it is illegal to harvest or move the plant, so if you notice some of these plants, notify the property owner. Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. Apply only enough to cover the surface; do not let any run off the surface. The flowers are purplish-blue, 1 inch in width, and produce small clusters at the ends of branches. Beach vitex seedlings should be pulled up as soon as they can be safely identified. Uses Conservation: Primary recommendation for this plant would be a ground-cover for soil stabilization. Dr. Deah Lieurance of the University of Florida says the plant’s root system tangled endangered sea turtles and birds. Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. It displaces native dune vegetation by forming dense stands and spreads rapidly by runners and seeds (Fig. Prior to its intoduction to the South Atlantic coast of the U.S., beach vitex … A view of a piece of Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) that has floated to the beach and has taken root showing the stems ... (Photo courtesy of Forest & Kim Starr. Be sure the sea oat seedlings were raised from seed collected within 50 miles of your planting site; otherwise seedlings from out of state seed will not grow as well as plants from local seed. Beach vitex is a prolific seed producer, but can also reproduce from stem (runner) fragments (Figure 2). In general, realize that you have a fast growing exotic plant that has several undesirable characteristics as discussed above. Scientific name: Vitex rotundifolia L. f. Common names: Beach vitex, chasteberry, roundleaf chastetree, Monk’s pepper. Vitex / ˈ v aɪ t ɛ k s / is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. beach vitex Vitex rotundifolia L. f. About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Overview. … Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980's for beach stabilization. Beach vitex is also salt-tolerant and can handle wind quite well. 1). Beach Vitex leaves are round, silvery gray-green, 1-2 inches and perishing before long, and have a spicy fragrance. … From classical Greek and Roman times this plant was known as an anaphrodisiac †. 0000002290 00000 n Seedlings are easily removed by hand. Though we are not aware of any beach vitex growing on the fore dune in the panhandle, if it does it could impact sea turtle nesting. endstream endobj 210 0 obj<>/OCGs[212 0 R]>>/PieceInfo<>>>/LastModified(D:20080912152558)/MarkInfo<>>> endobj 212 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>>> endobj 213 0 obj<>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/StructParents 0>> endobj 214 0 obj<> endobj 215 0 obj<> endobj 216 0 obj<> endobj 217 0 obj<> endobj 218 0 obj<> endobj 219 0 obj[/ICCBased 234 0 R] endobj 220 0 obj<> endobj 221 0 obj<> endobj 222 0 obj<> endobj 223 0 obj<> endobj 224 0 obj<>stream Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Also known as round-leaved chaste tree and pohinahina, this low-growing shrub does very well in coastal habitats. blue, 1 inch in width, and produce small clusters at the ends of branches. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Displaying 1 to 13 of 13 Search Help. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Beach Vitex. Beach Vitex, kolokolo kahakai, hinahina kolo, manawanawa, mawanawana, polinalina. Add To My Wish List . Other descriptions … It has about 250 species. The … 0000004787 00000 n Other common names for Vitex rotundifolia include kolokolo kahakai, hinahina kolo, manawanawa, mawanawana, pohinahina and polinalina. The leaves feel smooth like a fine leather or velvet. If you own beachfront property that was damaged by Hurricane Hugo in 1989 and planted the rebuilt dunes with species other than sea oats (Uniola paniculata) or American beach grass (Ammophila breviligulata), you could have planted beach vitex as many of your neighbors in the early 1990s. Because of its rapid growth, the property lines and dune front face should be checked every other month from April through November for regrowth that should also be clipped. If you see this plant, notify the landowner. 0000001740 00000 n The plant forms a green, segmented, linear fruit in March and the terminal section will dry out and fall off during the summer. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 2315 | Updated: Sep 26, 2017 | Print. 0000023370 00000 n Common names: Beach vitex, chasteberry, roundleaf chastetree, Monk’s pepper. Six months after the herbicide is applied, remove the dead beach vitex plants and sea oats and bitter panicum seedlings should be planted on an 18″ grid as discussed above. 0000023133 00000 n It can be found growing natively throughout the Pacific and … Hilton Head Island Municipal Government (South Carolina). Many of you have probably … Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. Originally from the Pacific rim of Asia, Beach Vitex was brought to South Carolina to help restore dunes lost during storms. Beach vitex is native to sandy coastal areas (e.g., beaches, rocky shorelines and sand dunes) in Japan, eastern Asia, Southeast Asia and India plus along the shorelines in a large number of Pacific islands. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly called beach vitex or round-leaf vitex, is a prostrate-sprawling woody shrub that grows to 1-2' tall with an indefinite spread to 10-15' or more.Beach vitex … Photograph Credit: Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org. Vitex rotundifolia. And see the “fast facts” about beach vitex at bottom below. If you choose to buy a vitex supplement (or any herbal medication or supplement), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends that you look for a Supplement Facts label on the product that you buy. ... Starr-010209-0294-Vitex rotundifolia-branch-Kanaha Beach-Maui (24504993616).jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 1.21 MB. Beach vitex seedlings can be distinguished from silver-leaf croton by looking at the leaf arrangement. The thick cover of beach vitex can hinder efforts of loggerhead sea turtles to lay their eggs and prevent hatchlings from making their way to the sea. Seabeach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilus) is a federally threatened plant that is commonly found in wash-out areas between front dunes. Native To: Asia ( Olsen and Bell 2005) Date of U.S. Introduction: 1989-1990 ( Olsen and Bell 2005) Means of Introduction: Introduced for erosion control ( Olsen and Bell … The round … The fruit has one to four seed in each fruit. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Classification. Healthy seedlings 15″ to 24″ tall should be planted at least 8″ deep; the deeper the better. First, property owners should contact the Office of Coastal Resource Management (Charleston 843-744-5838; Beaufort 843-846-9400; Myrtle Beach 843-238-4528) to get a permit to plant on the front dunes. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan, and also to Oceania, including … 209 33 Vitex rotundifolia, commonly called beach vitex or round-leaf vitex, is a prostrate-sprawling woody shrub that grows to 1-2' tall with an indefinite spread to 10-15' or more. Even though beach vitex has already been in the United States for 20 years, Dr. Tasker thought this was an NPAG issue because this plant was only recently recognized as a plant with significant invasive traits. Your county Extension Office can direct you to sources of seedlings for planting. <]>> Cut material should be taken to a county compost facility for proper disposal or piled on a concrete surface until the leaves drop off, then composted. simplicifolia Cham. 0000001447 00000 n The round fruits are 1/4 inch in diameter and purplish-black when ripe. There is still some debate as to how effectively … Beach vitex was imported as a beach stabilization plant from Korea in 1985. Despite the fact that it was introduced for the purpose of erosion control, there is evidence that beach vitex is not as efficient for du… On January 18, 2007, the Town Council approved the Beach Vitex Eradication Program and passed the ordinance regarding Beach Vitex (see below).To learn more about beach vitex:www.beachvitex.orgBEACH VITEX ERADICATION PROGRAMIf a Kure Beach property owner finds Beach Vitex … Wax myrtle leaves are much longer than they are wide and the stems grow upward to form a shrub or small tree. View and/or print Beach Vitex Eradication methods to assist our property owners. H��W�rG}߯������/.�U���JE�Q~I�K("��ȹ|}��0M�.�-��鞞�����x���N[%��9�.��D4"�(��9���nt�����Ѝ�,׳���Z����$7���bu��i1=��q7���b|�)1�j�w��WB���_��RhS)�e��:��a��}#>ߎ��M��˰����R*KV˜*����Ē_�'�k�C9���t�.�齷����E'��८����� hn�[�J�����rk�E1�}��'�t�aZZ�.��)��L A���d=]�&�xuϽ���8g����g��1�Т_�F<. 0000007283 00000 n Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) Native to the Pacific rim of Asia. 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